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Ethical and legal aspects of disaster response under Indonesian Legal System

Indonesia is a vulnerable country to disaster. Because almost all islands in Indonesia has its volcanoes, Indonesia is in the ring of fire, which potentially triggers volcano eruption disaster. Moreover, earthquake, flood, tsunami, land slide is regularly happened in Indonesia. It is very important to response such disasters. Recently, many regulations had been issued by the government, yet many unjust or indecent treatment have been experienced by displaced persons or the victims of disasters. Some illustrations concerning how bad legal position of disasters’ victims, especially their private rights, will be explored. It is common that in a contract, a natural disaster will be considered as force majeure. A legal consequence of this condition is, the disasters’ victims must defray or restore the damage by themselves. This condition could be very unfair or inhumane, because after the disaster usually many victims lose their capacity to perform their previous legal obligation. In this issue, law fails to protect, because legal solution could be formally legitimate but substantially unfair. In this case, ethical consideration must be endorsed, for increasing their capacity to recover from the disaster. This paper will describe disaster response in Indonesia legal system, especially in the context to protect displaced persons or victims of disasters; and to explore justification to use legal ethics to protect them, in case legal protection fails to provide substantive justice for disasters’ victims.

Pernyataan Tanggungjawab Ida Susanti
Pengarang Susanti, Ida - Pengarang Utama
No. Panggil
disaster response
Judul Seri
GMD Computer File
Bahasa English
Penerbit Universitas Andalas - Ikatan Ahli Kebencanaan Indonesia
Tahun Terbit 2018
Tempat Terbit Padang
Deskripsi Fisik p. 1 - 7
Info Detil Spesifik Makalah dipresentasikan pada The International Conference on Disaster Management (ICDM 2018). Universitas Andalas - Ikatan Ahli Kebencanaan Indonesia. Padang, 2-4 May 2018.
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